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Andrey Petrash

ПЕТРАШ А.И.ма

Andrey Petrash (1892-1945) - a founder of the Stakhanovite movement in water transport, a foreman-innovator of well-known Brigade #241, a Holder of an Order of the Red Star.

 

Andrey Petrash started to work in the port of Odesa as a stevedore in 1931. In early 1935 he led Brigade #241. Majority of dockers had no experience of loader. But Petrash kept his head: he was an excellent organizer, who had considerable experience of a loader. If firstly the Brigade #214 handled wagons only, in a few months, having mastered the skills of cargo handling the team began to carry out handling of ships.

 

It all started with handling of steamer "Volga". The Head of the port S.Muzalev set task for Petrash to load the ship with pig iron n a shortest time. The next day, at the end of shift it appeared that the team handled 540 tons instead of usual 150 tons despite the heavy rain.

 

"In 1975, on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the Stakhanovite movement, one of the dockers of this brigade P.Romanenko recalled: "We have analyzed the entire process of iron load from the wagon to the steamer. Earlier, two-horse platform drove up to a wagon. The dockers manually loaded iron on these platforms. Then, they put the platforms on the parachute. And only after that, one of 8-ton berth cranes loaded the parachutes into the hold. One cycle took plenty of time... To avoid this, A.Petrash offered to load pig iron from two sites into one parachute from both sides. Thus, the crane lifted 8 tons instead of usual 3-4 tons. Petrash and the Chief Engineer of the Brigade lengthened parachute to eliminate manual work in the hold". (From the book" Odesa Port: History in humans. 2nd edition.2009".

 

In consequence these parachutes were called "Petrashevskiy". In the first months of the war, when the port of Odessa under enemy fire loaded the ships with goods for the front and shipped into the country equipment for factories, people were not enough and so-called "Petrashevskiy" parachutes came to assistance. They were used for handling of bulk cargoes.


T.OVRUTSKAYA.