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Julius Bahmetev

Юлий Бахметев

Julius Bahmetev (1862-1936) - an outstanding engineer, builder of the port of Odesa. He was born in Moscow. His father was a noble, an archivist at Moscow University.


Bahmetev graduated from Constantine Geodesic Institute in Moscow in 1884 and the Institute of Communication Lines in St. Petersburg in 1888. In 1900, by the royal initiative was created Russian Committee of Port Affairs for the Reconstruction of Russian Ports. According to the plans of the Committee, Bahmetev participates in the construction of ports in the Baltic up to 1906. From 1906 to 1912 as the Chief in Operations led construction of Kerch, Feodosia, Yalta, Genichensk, Temryuk, Sukhumi and other ports of the Azov and Black Seas.


In 1911 he studies port construction in Germany, France and Sweden, and in 1912 delegates to Philadelphia to attend the XII International Congress on Shipping and Ports. From 1913 to 1922 Bahmetev was the Manager in Operations at the port of Odesa.


In 1913 by the impressive project of Bahmetev on port renovation began construction of the Bread harbor between Oil and Manufacture harbors. According to the plan approved by the All-Russian Committee in 1909, beside Bread harbor it was planned to construct Coal and Free harbours.


Thanks to his efforts until the 1st World War a lot of work on creation of new mooring lines in the Bread harbor, dredging and a half of the breakwater has been done.


After the Civil War he developed the renovation projects for the port. Bread harbor acquired contemporary look and received the most productive technical equipment of that time, which made possible refuse of manual labor while loading grain.


Since 1922 he was the Chief Engineer, Inspector of Central Administration for Maritime Transportation of the Black and Azov Seas. In 1925 the Administration instructs him to make the development project of Odessa port until 1950. Bahmetev managed the task brilliantly. He makes 3 versions of the plan. Subsequently, the 1st one was chosen as the basis for the five-year plans of the port of Odessa.


An outstanding engineer died on 22 February 1936 and was buried on the 2nd Christian cemetery in Odessa.


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