MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

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Aaron Henkin

Aaron Henkin (1901-1974) - the famous brigadier, a stevedore, the Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, a Holder of an Order of Lenin, the Red Banner, an author of dozen books and pamphlets on the organization of the best practices at the ports.
Aaron Henkin comes of a family of loaders. His father worked as a loading workman at the port of Odesa. After three years of studying, seven-year-old Aaron Henkin starts to work as a cleaner of ship boilers.

 

In 1935 he became a foreman of enlarged integrated brigade #211. Soon he became a colleague and a follower of the initiator of the Stakhanovite movement in water transport A.Petrash, and his team became one of the best not only in the port of Odesa, but also on the entire water transport.

 

As a follower of Petrash, Henkin was at the same time an innovator of specialized teams for individual production processes.


Before the Second World War, in 1939 he was appointed the Chief of the group to implement Stakhanovite methods at ports of the South.

 

After the liberation of Odesa in 1944 he returned to his native port as a stevedore-mentor. In 1945-1946 Henkin worked in Vienna and Budapest, where he organized special cargo shipping on the Danube River and the railway.

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Andrey Petrash

Andrey Petrash (1892-1945) - a founder of the Stakhanovite movement in water transport, a foreman-innovator of well-known Brigade #241, a Holder of an Order of the Red Star.

 

Andrey Petrash started to work in the port of Odesa as a stevedore in 1931. In early 1935 he led Brigade #241. Majority of dockers had no experience of loader. But Petrash kept his head: he was an excellent organizer, who had considerable experience of a loader. If firstly the Brigade #214 handled wagons only, in a few months, having mastered the skills of cargo handling the team began to carry out handling of ships.

 

It all started with handling of steamer "Volga". The Head of the port S.Muzalev set task for Petrash to load the ship with pig iron n a shortest time. The next day, at the end of shift it appeared that the team handled 540 tons instead of usual 150 tons despite the heavy rain.

 

"In 1975, on the eve of the 40th anniversary of the Stakhanovite movement, one of the dockers of this brigade P.Romanenko recalled: "We have analyzed the entire process of iron load from the wagon to the steamer. Earlier, two-horse platform drove up to a wagon. The dockers manually loaded iron on these platforms. Then, they put the platforms on the parachute. And only after that, one of 8-ton berth cranes loaded the parachutes into the hold. One cycle took plenty of time... To avoid this, A.Petrash offered to load pig iron from two sites into one parachute from both sides. Thus, the crane lifted 8 tons instead of usual 3-4 tons. Petrash and the Chief Engineer of the Brigade lengthened parachute to eliminate manual work in the hold". (From the book" Odesa Port: History in humans. 2nd edition.2009".

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Julius Bahmetev

Julius Bahmetev (1862-1936) - an outstanding engineer, builder of the port of Odesa. He was born in Moscow. His father was a noble, an archivist at Moscow University.

 

Bahmetev graduated from Constantine Geodesic Institute in Moscow in 1884 and the Institute of Communication Lines in St. Petersburg in 1888. In 1900, by the royal initiative was created Russian Committee of Port Affairs for the Reconstruction of Russian Ports. According to the plans of the Committee, Bahmetev participates in the construction of ports in the Baltic up to 1906. From 1906 to 1912 as the Chief in Operations led construction of Kerch, Feodosia, Yalta, Genichensk, Temryuk, Sukhumi and other ports of the Azov and Black Seas.

 

In 1911 he studies port construction in Germany, France and Sweden, and in 1912 delegates to Philadelphia to attend the XII International Congress on Shipping and Ports. From 1913 to 1922 Bahmetev was the Manager in Operations at the port of Odesa.

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Maurice Destrem

Maurice Destrem (1789 - 1855) - a prominent French scientist, engineer, one of the builders of Odesa. Destrem received an excellent education: he graduated from college in Soreze and two famous Parisian Schools - Polytechnic and School for Bridges and Roads.

 

Destrem was familiar with poverty: being a student he used to walk across the country and carry earning for his mother.


He came to Russia by the request of Alexander I to Napoleon to help with engineer personnel. At the request of the military governor of Kherson Duke Richelieu Destrem was sent to Odesa in 1810.

 

Richelieu had a plan for him: work in the port of Odesa; construction of fountains and roads through the mountains of the Southern Crimea; drafting of port in Evpatoria; dredgers for the port of Odesa and others. Destrem has got the better of these works.

 

In August 1812 he was exiled to Irkutsk in connection with the attack of Napoleon on Russia.

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Ludvig Nobel

Ludvig Nobel (Swedish Ludvig Emmanuel Nobel) 27.07.1831 – 12.04.1888 - Swedish and Russian engineer, inventor, entrepreneur and philanthropist, the elder brother and business partner of the founder of the Nobel Prize Alfred Nobel.

 

Nobel controlled the company "Nobel and Sons" in St. Petersburg. He was engaged in development and manufacture of artillery shells, mines, torpedoes, steam engines, machine tools, rubber tires and diesel engines.

 

L.Nobel marked the beginning of oil and kerosene storage infrastructure as well as oil handling in Odesa. In 1884, "Nobel Brothers" started to equip three tanks, each of 120,000 pounds and kerosene pipe line from the harbor to the reservoirs in Peresyp district (Odesa oil base).

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Harris Edmond

Harris Edmond was an engineer and industrialist. Period of activity in the port of Odesa - 1865-1917. The most famous structures of Harris is port railway overpass (1872), port warehouses (Red warehouses, 1890s).

 

Railway overpass in the port of Odesa was built after the opening of the Quarantine rail branch. 4-kilometers road for its time was an extraordinary engineering construction.

 

In 1902 by the order of Russian government Harris drafted a full-scale modernization of the port of Odesa. The project featured up-to-date elevators and anchorages. provisional expenses were extremely huge and totaled 15.5 million rubles. Obviously, this was the reason that construction has never begun.

 

A fire in June 1905 destroyed the most outstanding works of Harris, namely overpass and warehouses.

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K. Hartley

K. Hartley - British engineer, author of the project for modernization of port in the second half of XIX century.

 

In the early 1860s it became clear that the port of Odesa does not meet the increased requirements of international navigation and trade by its technical characteristics. Depth in both harbors did not allow accepting large ships, there was no reliable protection against wind and storm, small length of the mooring lines did not meet the requirements of growing number of ship calls.

 

In this regard, the Ministry of Transport of Russia announced an international tender for the development of the project of port reconstruction. To be more precisely, it was about creating a new, modern port in Odesa. By the results of the competition the project of British engineer K.Hartley was recognized the best.

 

The main ideas of the project are:

 

- Consolidation of two separate harbors into a single port system of structures (creating the so-called Big Port);

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Franz Boffo

Franz Boffo (it. - Boffo Francesco, 1780-1867) is the famous architect, author of many outstanding projects in the Russian Empire. He lived and worked in Odesa for 40 years (1818-1861).

 

F.Boffo was engaged in designing and construction of the most representative and buildings in the central part of Odesa, which became city business card. Among his projects are: Vorontsov Palace (1826 -1828), buildings on a semi-circular square of Primorskiy Boulevard (1826 -1830), the famous Potemkin Stairs (1837 - 1841), the building of merchant Exchange (now the City Council (1828-1834, together with G.Torichelli and I.Kozlov)), the magnificent palace of the Countess Pototskaya (Odesa Art Museum), etc.

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Mikhail Vorontsov

Mikhail Vorontsov (19.05.1782 - 6.01.1856) - the Field-Marshal-General (1856), the Prince, an honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. During the Patriotic War of 1812 he participated in the Battle of Smolensk and during the Battle of Borodino defended Shevardinskiy redoubt. He commanded a corps of Russian occupation in France (1814-1818). In 1823-1844 - Novorossiysk and Bessarabian Governor General. In 1844-1854 - the Governor of the Russian emperor in the Caucasus.

 

While serving as a Governor-General of Novorossiysk Vorontsov has done a lot for the economic and cultural development of the region, built the first ships in the Black Sea (1828). In 1833 Vorontsov founded the "Society of the shareholders to establish permanent connection of Odesa with Constantinople through the ships". This event is considered to be the date of birth of the Black Sea Shipping Company.

 

Under Vorontsov management the port and city of Odesa has changed. In 1830-1840 were extended Quarantine and Military Moles, as well as Platonovskiy and Androsovskiy Moles were re-built.

 

Port accepted about thousand ships a year. Primorskiy Boulevard an other central streets were paved. Giant (Potemkin) Stairs and water supply system from the Big Fountain were constructed.

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Boris Von der Flis

Boris Von der Flis, a talented Dutch hydraulic engineer, co-worker with Francois de Wollant

 

Boris was born on 15 April 1762, in Niport, where he got engineer education. Since 1792 he was in the Russian service. In 1794, de Wollant in Odesa concluded with Von der Flis a five-year contract on the following terms: free ride from home and back, state apartments and wood, salary - 600 rubles a year. Work history of Von der Flis can tell us about the importance of his activity in Russia.

 

1794 - design and construction of the Admiralty building in Odesa.
1795 – building a fortress and marina in Kinburn.
1800 - building a by-pass channels in the rapids of the Dnieper
1802 - 1814 - design and construction of the armory and the bridge over the river Ola in Tula.
1814 – he made projects of maritime structures on the Taurida Peninsula.
1819 - he was appointed an engineer in the Black Sea ports authority. Worked in Sevastopol, Kherson. In Nikolaev he beautifies streets, plant trees and gardens, creates a lighthouse onTendra Island.
In 1829 - 1832 he creates the city promenade below Primorskiy Boulevard. He is the author of the projects of Practical and Quarantine harbors, which formed the port of Odesa by 1850.

 

Von der Flis died in Odesa, on 16 March 1846. He was awarded with the Order of St. Vladimir 4th degree for seniority.

 

T. Gleb-Koshanskaya

 

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Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron

Count Alexander Langeron (1763 - 1831) was born in aristocratic French family. He is a veteran of the war with Sweden, three wars with Turkey, the battle of Austerlitz, the war in 1812. He was the Military Governor of Kherson and Odesa Mayor.

 

In Odesa Count Lanzheron has realized a number of important initiatives, conceived by his predecessor, Duke of Richelieu. Under his management appeared the first local newspaper, was opened mineral water source in the City Park, established botanical garden. However, the most important innovation of Lanzheron was creation of a Free Port.

 

Free port mode was established by the Imperial Decree on April 16, 1817 in Odesa as a stowage place for European goods exported to Sinop.

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