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Moles and harbours

Quarantine mole

Quarantine Mole is one of three main moles, defends port from east and south-east waves. Its construction was started simultaneously with the construction of the port in August 1794 which marked the beginning of Quarantine harbor. The construction of the foundation had to be completed by 1797; however only 39 % was built as after the death of Catherine II Paul I stopped works as unnecessary.

The construction of the port of Odesa resumed by the Edict of Paul I in the mid-1800s and was organized by engineer De-Volant. In 1850 the outer length of the mole was 803 m, width at the base – 256 m and 149 m from the coast – 54 m.
Initially, on the berths of Quarantine mole vessels were loaded manually with grain in sacks delivered from the city warehouses by carts.

When in 1871 the railway port overpass designed by the engineer Garris was constructed and connected with the mole, grain started being loaded into the vessel directly from cars.

After the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars the mole was reconstructed and export of grain, the strategic cargo, that gave foreign currency to the country, revived. During the management of N. A. Kremlyanskiy the newest equipment was used for handling, the capacity of two new conveyers was 50 t/ hour and 200 t/ hour.

In 1981-96 Quarantine mole was reconstructed: area of 30.5 ha with outer berth line is 1226 m including 15 ha of container area. There are berths No. 1 - 6, operated by “HPC-Ukraina”, “Olympex-Coupe”, “Prista Oil’. Besides, the investment project Telecommunication Technologies Ltd was implemented on the territory. The Development project of the Port of Odesa provides the expansion the territory of Quarantine Mole up to 19.3 ha for the development of the capacity of container terminal. The implementation of the project started on 10 April, 2010.

O. N. Sevostyanova